European Science Journals: EOJNSS, JAELT, more to come...

European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences

Effectiveness of Hardiness Skill Training in Life Expectancy and Perceived Stress of Addicts in Addiction Treatment Centers across Alborz Province

Atieh Kaveh


The present research was conducted aiming at examining effectiveness of hardiness skill training in life expectancy and perceived stress of addicts in addiction treatment centers across Alborz province. The present research consists of all the addicts at addiction treatment centers across Alborz province. With regard to Morgan table, 210 individuals were selected as sample that 65 individuals have been found with highest stress level and lowest life expectancy after performing life expectancy and perceived stress questionnaire among which 40 individuals were selected via simple random method, and ultimately 20 individuals attended as experimental group and 20 individuals attended as control group.

Statistical methods including mean, standard deviation, minimum and maximum variance of scores were used to display demographic characteristics of both groups. Covariance test has been used to compare status of groups with themselves before and after performing training classes and performing independent variables and comparing status of groups with each other before and after performing independent variable. Statistical analysis was made via software SPSS18.

Experimental group received 3 months training during 10 sessions and control group received no training, that post-test was performed for both groups after ending the training program. The results obtained from covariance analysis indicated that hardiness training had a significant effect on life expectancy and perceived stress at p<0.01 in experimental group.

It can be concluded that training hardiness affects improvement in perceived stress and increase in life expectancy.


hardiness, life expectancy, perceived stress

Full Text: PDF


  • There are currently no refbacks.