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Judith Butler’s Gender and Identity Trouble in David Mamet’s Glengarry Glen Ross and Oleanna

Fatemeh Amini, Fatemeh Azizmohammadi


Judith Butler as a rhetoric, comparative, and poststructuralist professor exhibits a far-reaching influence in a number of fields. Butler also is one of the following of ‘Gender Studied’ and her notion of gender as a cultural choice is useful for representing subject-formation and self-construction. Her outstanding books consist of “Gender Trouble” (1990) and “Bodies that Matter” (1993), are argued in drives literary theories such as “feminist theory” and “Gender studies”. Butler’ first book examined the contact of Hegel’s work on twentieth-century French philosophers. The following books drag extensively from psychoanalytic, feminist and poststructuralist theories. Judith Butler tries to focus on the terms performative acts and gender constitution in order to argue that “gender identity is a performative accomplishment compelled by social sanction and taboo (Butler, 1988, p. 520). She further believes that gender is something that is not a corporeal “social fiction” but is continuously reproducing, changing and moving. In Butler’s view, gender is only an “essential” part of a body’s identity that is presented in the world, so that a body constituted essential core identity through a set of preexisting characteristics that have been imposed on that body. Queer theory is another work of Butler’s notion that is in relation to Michel Foucault's History of Sexuality. By queer theory, Butler has emphasized on Differences that is in terminology and methods are based on performance and Foucault's reliance on formulations such as "power-knowledge" and "the deployment of alliance."


Gender, Identity, Difference, Violence, Disidentification, Power.

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