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European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences

Evaluation and Improvement of the Effective Factors on Interaction in Urban Space with Emphasize on Children’s Presence: Case Study of Sanandaj

Fatemeh Zarei, Somayeh Ahani, Serve abdollah zade


These days, the compatibility of the urban spaces and the needs of the residents found an especial importance by developing cities and urban spaces. The urban developing experts emphasize on the role of urban spaces in neighborhood scale in creating the social and personal needs; therefore, the presented research attended to evaluate the case study (Ghalechaharlan neighborhood Sanandaj) for developing the interaction in the urban space with emphasizes on children’s needs. The theoretical bases of the research have been taken from scientists’ theories in different urban and regional, economic, social areas. For facility, the research’s evaluating model has a whole goal of two criteria: physical and nonphysical, six sub-criteria: neighborhood context, open space, the existent elements in the space, the management characteristics, social and psychological. The research type is application. The methodology is descriptive-analytical. The method for gathering the data is done as executive, completing the questionnaires of parents, children and authorities. For evaluating the data, the SPSS software, Chi-square independent test and student T-test by utilizing two hypotheses (H0, H1) was used. In this research 149 questioners were filled. Finding showed that Chi-Square=12.506; that is, there is relationship between children’s interaction (move in the space) and the housing type. And t=21.685 cleared that the children’s satisfaction from physical characteristics of Ghalechaharlan Neighborhood space is more than non-physical characteristics.

Finally, according to the codified model, the presented research attended to the presented ways for improving the quality of child-like environment and children’s social interaction development.


interaction, urban space, children, Sanandaj.

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